Medical Marijuana is the marijuana plant as a whole or it basic extracts which are used to treat illness. Many states in the U.S have legalised the use of marijuana for medical treatments however the FDA has not approved its use as it claims that there have not been enough studies which prove that marijuana can provide medical treatment.
You might wonder why studies in this particular field are less when compared to others. Marijuana is considered as a schedule I drug by the U.S drug enforcement administration. It is considered to have abusive effects and no medical benefits. Thus, if any researcher needs to perform any study on marijuana, they will have to pose a particular license, and not many researchers have that licence to do further studies on marijuana.
The plant is said to have more than 100 chemicals known as the cannabinoids, and each of these chemicals is said to have a different effect on our body. THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) is the chemical which makes people high. There have been theories where certain cannabis can even be used to treat cancer, sclerosis, glaucoma, epilepsy and even AIDS. However, there has not been any proof, and since the FDA has not approved its usage, we cannot confirm its medical usage. Also, marijuana is said to be addictive and it affects our brain, immune system, lungs, fertility etc.
Usage of Medical Marijuana:
Glaucoma is an eye disease which increases the pressure in the eyeball. The increased pressure damages the optic nerve, and this can even cause loss of vision. There have been studies which have shown that marijuana helps in reducing the pressure on the eyeball.
The intraocular pressure in the eye was reduced when people smoke marijuana, and this will prevent the progression of the disease and thereby preventing blindness.
Improves lung health:
According to a study which was made in the year 2012, marijuana does not impair the functions of the lung instead it increases the capacity of the lung, and it also reverses the carcinogenic effect that is caused by smoking tobacco. The increased lung capacity might be due to taking deep breaths while inhaling marijuana.
Controls epileptic seizures:
Marijuana was given to epileptic rats, and the drug stopped the seizures in the rats. Certain cannabinoids have the power of controlling our brain cells which are responsible for regulation excitement and relaxation.
Dravet’s Syndrome is a condition where you will have severe seizures and also have developmental delays.
Prevents cancer from spreading:
There have been studies which say that cannabidiol prevents cancer cells from spreading by turning off a gene named Id-1. Doctors had treated breast cancer with medical marijuana and had found that the cancer cells stopped spreading when cannabidiol was used.